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InPlace Update

In-place Update is one of the key features provided by OpenKruise.

Workloads that support in-place update:

Currently CloneSet, Advanced StatefulSet and Advanced DaemonSet re-use the same code package ./pkg/util/inplaceupdate and have similar behaviours of in-place update. In this article, we would like to introduce the usage and workflow of them.

Note that the in-place update workflow of SidecarSet is a little different from the other workloads, such as it will not set Pod to not-ready before update. So the things we talk below do not totally go for SidecarSet.

What is in-place update?

Once we are going to update image in a existing Pod, look at the comparation between Recreate and InPlace Update:


In ReCreate way we have to delete the old Pod and create a new Pod:

  • Pod name and uid all changed, because they are totally different Pod objects (such as Deployment update)
  • Or Pod name may not change but uid changed, because they are still different Pod objects, althrough re-use the same name (such as StatefulSet update)
  • Node name of the Pod changed, because the new Pod is almost impossible to be scheduled to the previous node.
  • Pod IP changed, because the new Pod is almost impossible to be allocated the previous IP.

But for InPlace way we can re-use the Pod object but only modify the fields in it, so that:

  • Avoid additional cost of scheduling, allocating IP, allocating and mounting volumes
  • Faster image pulling, because of we can re-use most of image layers pulled by the old image and only to pull several new layers
  • When a container is in-place updating, the other containers in Pod will not be affected and remain running.

Understand InPlaceIfPossible

The update type in Kruise workloads is named InPlaceIfPossible, which tells Kruise to update Pods in-place as possible, and it should go back to ReCreate Update if impossible.

What changes does it consider to be possilble to in-place update?

  1. Update spec.template.metadata.* in workloads, such as labels and annotations, Kruise will only update the metadata to existing Pods without recreate them.
  2. Update spec.template.spec.containers[x].image in workloads, Kruise will in-place update the container image in Pods without recreate them.
  3. Since Kruise v1.0 (including v1.0 alpha/beta), update spec.template.metadata.labels/annotations and there exists container env from the changed labels/annotations, Kruise will in-place update them to renew the env value in containers.

Otherwise, the changes to other fields such as spec.template.spec.containers[x].env or spec.template.spec.containers[x].resources will go back to ReCreate Update.

Take the CloneSet YAML below as an example:

  1. Modify app-image:v1 image, will trigger in-place update.
  2. Modify the value of app-config in annotations, will trigger in-place update (Read the Requirements below).
  3. Modify the two fields above together, will tigger in-place update both image and environment.
  4. Directly modify the value of APP_NAME in env or add a new env, will trigger recreate update.
kind: CloneSet
replicas: 1
app-config: "... the real env value ..."
- name: app
image: app-image:v1
- name: APP_CONFIG
fieldPath: metadata.annotations['app-config']
- name: APP_NAME
value: xxx
type: InPlaceIfPossible

Workflow overview

You can see the whole workflow of in-place update below (you may need to right click and open it in a new tab):



To use InPlace Update for env from metadata, you have to enable kruise-daemon (defaults to be enabled) and InPlaceUpdateEnvFromMetadata feature-gate when install or upgrade Kruise chart.

Note that if you have some nodes of virtual-kubelet type, kruise-daemon may not work on them and in-place update for env from metadata will not be executed.